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Digging Deeper--Evidence on the Effects of Macroprudential Policies from a New Database

Author/Editor:

Zohair Alam ; Adrian Alter ; Jesse Eiseman ; R. G Gelos ; Heedon Kang ; Machiko Narita ; Erlend Nier ; Naixi Wang

Publication Date:

March 22, 2019

Electronic Access:

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Link to data for this title

Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper introduces a new comprehensive database of macroprudential policies, which combines information from various sources and covers 134 countries from January 1990 to December 2016. Using these data, we first confirm that loan-targeted instruments have a significant impact on household credit, and a milder, dampening effect on consumption. Next, we exploit novel numerical information on loan-to-value (LTV) limits using a propensity-score-based method to address endogeneity concerns. The results point to economically significant and nonlinear effects, with a declining impact for larger tightening measures. Moreover, the initial LTV level appears to matter; when LTV limits are already tight, the effects of additional tightening on credit is dampened while those on consumption are strengthened.


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