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Finding a Neurology Expert Witness

Neurology expert witnesses can bring specialized knowledge on brain injuries, nerve damage, and other disorders to litigation. This guide provides an overview of working with neurology expert witnesses, a list of areas they can opine on, tips for finding the right expert witness, and strategies for maximizing the effectiveness of their testimony.

What Is a Neurology Expert Witness?

Neurology expert witnesses are medical professionals who provide opinions on disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. They can assess the effects of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), nerve damage, dementia, stroke, seizures, and epilepsy and evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

What Types of Cases Typically Require Neurology Expert Witnesses?

Neurology expert witnesses can provide support in various types of legal cases, such as:

  • Personal Injury: Including TBIs, spinal cord injuries, nerve damage, and other neurological injuries resulting from accidents, falls, or medical negligence.
  • Medical Malpractice: Involving alleged errors or negligence by healthcare providers leading to neurological harm or complications.
  • Workers’ Compensation: Involving occupational injuries or illnesses affecting the nervous system, such as repetitive stress injuries, chemical exposure, or neurological disorders.
  • Product Liability: Involving defective products or equipment causing neurological harm, such as faulty medical devices or hazardous materials.

Areas Neurology Expert Witnesses Can Opine On

Neurology expert witnesses can offer expertise in various areas within the field of neurology. Some key areas they can opine on include:

  • Diagnosis and Treatment: Providing opinions on the accurate diagnosis of and appropriate treatment options for neurological conditions or injuries.
  • Prognosis: Offering insights into the long-term outlook and prognosis for individuals with neurological disorders or injuries.
  • Standard of Care: Evaluating whether healthcare providers adhered to the accepted standard of care in diagnosing, treating, or managing neurological conditions.
  • Impairment and Disability: Assessing the impact of neurological conditions or injuries on an individual’s functional abilities, quality of life, and ability to work or perform daily activities.
  • Neurological Disorders: Explaining the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders, including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, neuropathies, and neurodegenerative disorders.
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBIs): Explaining the mechanisms, assessment, and management of TBIs resulting from various causes, such as accidents, falls, sports-related injuries, or assault.
  • Spinal Cord Injuries (SCIs): Explaining spinal cord anatomy and function and the effects of SCIs on sensory, motor, and autonomic functions, including paralysis, sensory loss, and bowel/bladder dysfunction.
  • Neuropsychology: Explaining the relationship between brain function and behavior, including cognitive processes, memory, attention, executive function, language, and emotion regulation.
  • Electrodiagnostic Testing: Interpreting electrodiagnostic tests, such as electromyography (EMG), nerve conduction studies (NCSs), electroencephalography (EEG), and evoked potentials (EPs), to evaluate nerve and muscle function, detect abnormalities, and diagnose neurological disorders.
  • Neuroimaging Interpretation: Interpreting neuroimaging studies, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and functional MRI (fMRI), to visualize brain structure, function, and pathology.
  • Neurosurgery: Explaining neurosurgical procedures and techniques and complications associated with surgical interventions for neurological conditions, such as brain tumors, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, or spinal cord compression.
  • Pharmacology: Explaining neuropharmacology principles, including the mechanisms of action, efficacy, and side effects of medications commonly used to treat neurological disorders, such as antiepileptic drugs, muscle relaxants, or medications for Parkinson’s disease.
  • Neurological Rehabilitation: Assessing rehabilitation strategies and interventions to optimize functional recovery and quality of life for individuals with neurological disabilities, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation.
  • Neuroethics: Awareness of ethical considerations and dilemmas in neurology, including issues related to informed consent, decision-making capacity, patient autonomy, end-of-life care, and research involving human subjects.
  • Forensic Neurology: Applying neurological principles to legal contexts, including assessing causation, determining competency, evaluating malingering, and providing expert testimony in legal proceedings.

Finding the Right Neurology Expert Witness

Finding an expert witness can be a challenge. Here are some tips to help you identify and select the right expert for your case:

  • Seek Specialization: Look for neurology experts with specific expertise relevant to your case, such as in TBIs, SCIs, epilepsy, neurodegenerative diseases, or neuropsychological assessments.
  • Review Credentials and Qualifications: Ensure the expert has relevant academic and professional qualifications. This can include board certification in neurology by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and completion of a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree from an accredited medical school. The expert should be licensed to practice medicine in the state where the expert intends to provide testimony. Experts commonly have fellowship training in subspecialty areas of neurology, such as neurophysiology, neuromuscular medicine, epilepsy, stroke, neurocritical care, movement disorders, neuroimmunology, neuro-oncology, or pediatric neurology.
  • Consider Communication Skills: Choose an expert who can communicate complex neurological concepts to judges, juries, and attorneys in a clear and understandable manner.
  • Assess Availability: Ensure that the expert witness has the availability to accommodate the timeline and requirements of your case, including deadlines for testimony, deposition, and report submission.

Maximizing the Impact of Neurology Expert Witness Testimony

To maximize the effectiveness of neurology expert testimony in your case, consider the following strategies:

  • Engage Early: Work closely with the expert witness to ensure they have a thorough understanding of the facts, issues, and legal arguments relevant to the case.
  • Simplify Testimony: Encourage the expert witness to present their opinions and findings in a clear, concise, and organized manner during testimony or in written reports.
  • Educate the Jury: Use the expert witness’s testimony to educate the jury on complex neurological concepts, diagnostic procedures, and the significance of neurological findings in the case.
  • Prepare for a Rebuttal: Anticipate potential challenges or opposing arguments to the expert witness’s testimony and prepare rebuttal strategies to address them effectively.
  • Collaborate: Foster collaboration with the neurology expert witness to ensure alignment in case strategy, argumentation, and presentation of evidence.
  • Maintain Professionalism: Remind the expert witness to maintain professionalism, objectivity, and impartiality during testimony, deposition, and cross-examination.

By following these guidelines and strategies, attorneys can effectively leverage the expertise of neurology expert witnesses to strengthen their cases and achieve favorable outcomes in legal proceedings involving neurological issues.


GLG has a network of experts across all industries and disciplines who can offer their testimony to support your case. We connect lawyers with the right experts for their cases quickly and efficiently so you can focus on litigating and winning.

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