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Physical or Cold War in the Retrospect

The Nile Explorer (NYSE:N)

The two newly created blocks, Eastern and Western Europe strongly divided the world in terms of politics, economics, social fabric, and the arms race..”
— Aldo Ajou Deng -Akuey
NAIROBI, NAIROBI, KENYA, April 16, 2018 / -- Until 1917, the world before Jesus Christ (born 2018 years ago; who`s he next birthday is 25 December 2018), Prophet Mohamed (born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia and died on 8 June 632 AD in Medina, Saudi Arabia) and President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), was not divided into blocks or ideological camps.

The world was ruled by Emperors (e.g Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire etc.), Kings and the like. Human liberties, freedoms, democracy and the rule of law, were unheard of. The citizens were subjected to extraction and exploitation of one man and his family. In Germany, Karl Max (1818-1883) and Friedrich Angels (1820-1895), theoretically formulated a socialist ideology to compete with one autocracy, authoritarianism, exploitation and enslavement.

These medieval systems were then subjected to the emerging revolutionary movements in the United Kingdom, UK, (1688-1689), France (1789-1799), the United States of America, USA, (1775-1783) and Russia in November 1917. The first three revolutions had similar principles, dedicated to the protection of the unalienable human liberties, freedoms, democracy, and the rule of law. Where else Russian revolution trended for communist proletarian dictatorship.

Thus on 8 March tp 7 November 1917, Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924), effectively overthrew Tsar Nicholas 11 (1868-1918), the Monarch who ruled Russia from 1894 to 1917. The Russian revolution of 1917 dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union (Wikipedia). The Soviet Union emerged as a serious challenge to liberal democracies in UK, France, the USA and their allies in Western Europe. The Soviet Union expanded and swiftly engulfed most of Eastern Europe. This revolution introduced, for the first time in history, the ideological dichotomy between Western and Eastern Europe from 1917 to 1991, the time that ended the war between liberal democracy and communist proletarian dictatorship.

The two newly created blocks, Eastern and Western Europe strongly divided the world in terms of politics, economics, social fabric, and the arms race. Besides this ideological divide between the two rivaling blocks, there was a third block of powerful fascists dictatorship in Germany and Italy, led by Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), and Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) respectively. Both men were fierce fascists dictators that posed the security threat, not only for Europe but for the whole world, starting with first world war of 1914 to 1918. Eventually, Adolf Hitler ignited the Second World war by invading Poland from the West. Equally, Russia reacted and attacked Poland from the East. This the root cause of the second world war (1939-1945).

In 1939 the developed world divided and faced themselves in an unprecedented war ever fought on the planet earth. The USA, UK, France, China and international allies joined Russia in the war against the fascists Germany, Italy, Japan and their allies too. The war lasted for six years running. Sixty million, soldiers and civilians, were killed and more hundreds of million were wounded. The war ended after liquidation of Adolf Hilter, Bonito Mussolini and total defeat and occupation of Germany, Italy, Japan, and allies worldwide. The war ended in 1945.

As the war ended, there was a need for the Allies, victors of the second world war, led by Europe and America Allies, to call for “the United Nations Conference on International Organisation (UNCIO), a Convention of delegates from 50 nations. The Conference took place from 25 April to 26 June 1945 in San Francisco, California (Wikimedia).” This Conference also reviewed the Charter of the League of Nations which was formed after the first world war 1918, to cater for international peace and security. But the League failed to stop the second world war,1939-1945. The 50 delegates from fifty Allied countries plus Poland whose delegate was delayed because of engagement in elections, Signed the present United Nations (UN) Charter, a name that was suggested by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945), Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) and Winston Churchill (1874-1965).

Under the Charter, UN was fully established in 1946, the hot-war was now over, the differences between capitalist West and communist East of Europe persisted and established a cold-war (1946-1991). The cold-war ended 1991, thus leaving the USA as the only world single leader, in terms of economic and military power. But, as the saying goes that “history repeats its self,” seems to occur. In fact history about to repeat itself, either as a hot-war or a cold-war.

Hot-war or cold war returns, started when the Radical Islamic movement, Al Qaeda, led by Osama bin Laden (1957-2011) attacked the New York International Trade Center on 11 September 2001 (9/11). The US started vigorously to take the war outside America, in pursuit of Radical Jihadist in Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Lebanon. Lately, Russia has escalated what looks like a renewal of physical or cold war. Now Russia, Iran, and Turkey have decided to defend Hafiz Al Saad of Syria. On 10 April 2018, the US, UK, and France reacted over the use of chemical weapons by Assad against civilians. They sent missiles to Syria, destroying chemicals targets. Russia says it will answer, if it does then it could amount to war. If not then it could amount to cold war.

In conclusion, there is no hot-war, but cold war is back.

Aldo Ajou Deng -Akuey
Nile Explorer
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