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FutureFuel Releases First Quarter 2019 Results

/EIN News/ -- FutureFuel First Quarter Net Income of $5.5 Million

Reports Net Income of $5.5 Million or $0.13 per Diluted Share, and Adjusted EBITDA of $5.4 Million

CLAYTON, Mo., May 10, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- FutureFuel Corp. (NYSE:FF) (“FutureFuel”), a manufacturer of custom and performance chemicals and biofuels, today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

First quarter 2019 Financial Highlights (all comparisons are with the first quarter of 2018)

  • Revenues were $48.5 million, down 13.0% from $55.7 million
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $5.4 million, down 85.6% from $37.6 million
  • Net income decreased to $5.5 million, or $0.13 per diluted share, from $35.8 million, or $0.82 per diluted share.

“Our Chemicals segment continues to perform solidly and is well positioned for the year ahead.

In our Biofuels segment, the contrast between our first quarter results in 2018, that included the benefit of the reinstated Blenders’ Tax Credit for 2017 with this quarter, highlights the challenge facing the Biodiesel industry today. This tax credit should be a powerful catalyst and incentive for investment in Renewable Fuels, however, it remains in limbo in Congress for 2018 and 2019. In this environment, we have operated prudently at lower production volumes than the same period last year.” said Tom McKinlay, Chief Operating Officer for FutureFuel Corp.

2019 Regular Cash Dividends

FutureFuel paid a normal quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share in the first quarter of 2019.  The remaining quarterly dividends of $0.06 per share will be paid in June, September, and December.

Financial Overview and Key Operating Metrics

Financial and operating metrics, which include non-GAAP financial measures, include dollars in thousands, except per share amounts:

FutureFuel Corp.
Certain Financial and Operating Metrics 
  Three Months Ended March 31,
          Dollar   %
    2019     2018   Change   Change
Revenues $ 48,501   $ 55,747   $ (7,246 )   (13.0 %)
Income from operations $ 1,211   $ 34,567   $ (33,356 )   (96.5 %)
Net income $ 5,499   $ 35,826   $ (30,327 )   (84.7 %)
Earnings per common share:              
Basic $ 0.13   $ 0.82   $ (0.69 )   (84.1 %)
Diluted $ 0.13   $ 0.82   $ (0.69 )   (84.1 %)
Capital expenditures and intangibles (net of customer reimbursements and regulatory grants) $ 423   $ 361   $ 62     17.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,415   $ 37,597   $ (32,182 )   (85.6 %)

Financial and Business Summary

Consolidated sales revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased $7,246, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. This decrease primarily resulted from decreased sales volumes of biodiesel and to a lesser extent, reduced sales volumes of chemicals.  This reduction was partially offset by a favorable price variance in the biofuels segment as compared to the same period in 2018.  Sales revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2018 included rebates that resulted from the retroactive reinstatement of the 2017 blenders’ tax credit (BTC) passed into law on February 9, 2018.  The BTC has not been reinstated beyond December 31, 2017.

Gross profit in the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased $34,245, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018. This decrease was primarily from the biofuel segment as the result of the retroactive reinstatement of the BTC in the same period of 2018 which was not in law in the current period.  Also negatively impacting gross profit in the current period was reduced sales volumes in the biofuels segment given the unfavorable market conditions and to a lesser extent, reduced sales volumes in the chemical segment.  Furthermore, gross profit was negatively impacted by the change in the unrealized and realized activity in derivative instruments with a loss of $1,476 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to a loss of $162 in the same period of 2018. 

Gross profit was favorably impacted in the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018, by the adjustment in the carrying value of our inventory as determined utilizing the LIFO method of inventory accounting.  This adjustment increased gross profit $1,637 and $331 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

Net Income

Net income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased $30,327 as compared to the same period in 2018. The decrease was primarily from decreased sales volumes and biodiesel tax credits and incentives that were reinstated in the three months ended March 31, 2018 that were not in effect for 2019. 

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures and intangibles were $2,246 in the first three months of 2019, compared with $428 in the same period in 2018. FutureFuel was reimbursed for a portion of these expenditures by certain customers as summarized in the following table.

  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Cash paid for capital expenditures and intangibles $ 2,246     $ 428  
Cash received as reimbursement of capital expenditures $ (1,823 )   $ (67 )
Cash paid, net of reimbursement, for capital expenditures $ 423     $ 361  

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities

Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities totaled $290,480 as of March 31, 2019, compared with $294,860 as of December 31, 2018.

About FutureFuel

FutureFuel is a leading manufacturer of diversified chemical products, specialty chemical products, and biofuel products. In its chemicals business, FutureFuel manufactures specialty chemicals for specific customers (“custom chemicals”) as well as multi-customer specialty chemicals (“performance chemicals”). FutureFuel’s custom chemicals product portfolio includes a bleach activator for a major detergent manufacturer, proprietary herbicide and intermediates for major life sciences companies, and chlorinated polyolefin adhesion promoters and antioxidant precursors for a major chemical company. FutureFuel’s performance chemicals product portfolio includes polymer (nylon) modifiers and several small-volume specialty chemicals for diverse applications. FutureFuel’s biofuels segment primarily produces and sells biodiesel to its customers. Please visit for more information.

Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements deal with FutureFuel’s current plans, intentions, beliefs,   and expectations, and statements of future economic performance. Statements containing such terms as “believe,” “do not believe,” “plan,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” and other phrases of similar meaning are considered to contain uncertainty and are forward-looking statements. In addition, from time to time FutureFuel or its representatives have made or will make forward-looking statements orally or in writing. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements may be included in various filings that the company makes with United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in press releases, or in oral statements made by or with the approval of one of FutureFuel’s authorized executive officers.

These forward-looking statements are subject to certain known and unknown risks and uncertainties, as   well as assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause actual results to differ include, but are not limited to, those set forth under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in FutureFuel’s Form 10-K Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2018 and in its future filings made with the SEC. An investor should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained in this document, which reflect FutureFuel management’s opinions only as of their respective dates. Except as required by law, the company undertakes no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revisions to forward-looking statements. The risks and uncertainties described in this document and in current and future filings with the SEC are not the only ones faced by FutureFuel. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for the company to predict which will arise. There may be additional risks not presently known to the company or that the company currently believes are immaterial to its business. In addition, FutureFuel cannot assess the impact of each factor on its business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. If any such risks occur, FutureFuel’s business, operating results, liquidity, and financial condition could be materially affected in an adverse manner. An investor should consult any additional disclosures FutureFuel has made or will make in its reports to the SEC on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K, and any amendments thereto. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to FutureFuel or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this document.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In this press release, FutureFuel used adjusted EBITDA as a key operating metric to measure both performance and liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA is not a substitute for operating income, net income, or cash flow from operating activities (each as determined in accordance with GAAP), as a measure of performance or liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of results as reported under GAAP. FutureFuel defines adjusted EBITDA as net income before interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization expenses, excluding, when applicable, non-cash share-based compensation expense, public offering expenses, acquisition-related transaction costs, purchase accounting adjustments, loss on disposal of property and equipment, gains or losses on derivative instruments, other non-operating income or expense. Information relating to adjusted EBITDA is provided so that investors have the same   data that management employs in assessing the overall operation and liquidity of FutureFuel’s business. FutureFuel’s calculation of adjusted EBITDA may be different from similarly titled measures used by other companies; therefore, the results of its calculation are not necessarily comparable to the results of other companies.

Adjusted EBITDA allows FutureFuel’s chief operating decision makers to assess the performance and liquidity of FutureFuel’s business on a consolidated basis to assess the ability of its operating segments to produce operating cash flow to fund working capital needs, to fund capital expenditures, and to pay dividends. In particular, FutureFuel management believes that adjusted EBITDA permits a comparative assessment of FutureFuel’s operating performance and liquidity, relative to a performance and liquidity based on GAAP results, while isolating the effects of depreciation and amortization, which may vary among its operating segments without any correlation to their underlying operating performance, and of non-cash stock-based compensation expense, which is a non-cash expense that varies widely among similar companies, and gains and losses on derivative instruments, whose immediate recognition can cause net income to be volatile from quarter to quarter due to the timing of the valuation change in the derivative instruments relative to the sale of  biofuel.

A table included in this earnings release reconciles adjusted EBITDA with net income, the most directly comparable GAAP performance financial measure, and a table reconciles adjusted EBITDA with cash flows from operations, the most directly comparable GAAP liquidity financial measure. 

FutureFuel Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in thousands)
  March 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
Cash and cash equivalents $ 206,021   $ 214,972  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for bad debts of $0   17,738     18,138  
Inventory   53,329     39,296  
Marketable securities   84,459     79,888  
Other current assets   7,987     10,036  
Total current assets   369,534     362,330  
Property, plant and equipment, net   102,849     103,575  
Other assets   7,272     5,250  
Total noncurrent assets   110,121     108,825  
Total Assets $ 479,655   $ 471,155  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity      
Accounts payable $ 24,553   $ 21,670  
Dividends payable   7,874     10,498  
Other current liabilities   8,754     7,323  
Total current liabilities   41,181     39,491  
Deferred revenue – long-term   20,307     20,319  
Other noncurrent liabilities   23,388     22,267  
Total noncurrent liabilities   43,695     42,586  
Total liabilities   84,876     82,077  
Commitments and contingencies:      
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized,            
none issued and outstanding   -     -  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized,            
43,743,243, issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and
December 31, 2018
  4     4  
Accumulated other comprehensive income   182     (20 )
Additional paid in capital   282,145     282,145  
Retained earnings   112,448     106,949  
Total Stockholders’ Equity   394,779     389,078  
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $ 479,655   $ 471,155  

FutureFuel Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations 
and Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Revenue $ 48,501     $ 55,747  
Cost of goods sold and distribution   45,239       18,240  
Gross profit   3,262       37,507  
Selling, general, and administrative expenses   1,345       1,758  
Research and development expenses   706       1,182  
    2,051       2,940  
Income from operations   1,211       34,567  
Other income/(loss), net   5,246       (2,420 )
Income before income taxes   6,457       32,147  
Provision/(benefit) for income taxes   958       (3,679 )
Net income $ 5,499     $ 35,826  
Earnings per common share      
Basic $ 0.13     $ 0.82  
Diluted $ 0.13     $ 0.82  
Weighted average shares outstanding      
Basic   43,743,243       43,716,670  
Diluted   43,748,974       43,722,194  
Comprehensive Income      
Net income $ 5,499     $ 35,826  
Other comprehensive income/(loss) from unrealized      
net gain/(loss) on available-for-sale securities   256       (74 )
Income tax effect   (54 )     16  
Total unrealized gain/(loss), net of tax   202       (58 )
Comprehensive income $ 5,701     $ 35,768  

FutureFuel Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands)
  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Cash flows from operating activities      
Net income $ 5,499     $ 35,826  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:      
Depreciation   2,725       2,756  
Amortization of deferred financing costs   36       36  
Benefit for deferred income taxes   (415 )     (3,604 )
Change in fair value of equity securities   (3,008 )     6,030  
Change in fair value of derivative instruments   (286 )     (1,789 )
(Gain)/loss on the sale of investments   80       (1,661 )
Stock based compensation   -       107  
Loss on disposal of fixed assets   3       5  
Noncash interest expense   7       7  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable   (1,320 )     (40,867 )
Accounts receivable – related parties   1,720       (2,077 )
Inventory   (13,926 )     (15,764 )
Income tax receivable   1,340       1,794  
Prepaid expenses   384       254  
Accrued interest on marketable securities   21       25  
Other assets   15       (68 )
Accounts payable   3,634       16,644  
Accounts payable – related parties   (619 )     1,394  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   807       5,000  
Deferred revenue   31       (208 )
Other noncurrent liabilities   (17 )     -  
Net cash (used in)/provided by operating activities   (3,289 )     3,840  
Cash flows from investing activities      
Collateralization of derivative instruments   590       901  
Purchase of marketable securities   (9,096 )     (5,844 )
Proceeds from the sale of marketable securities   7,709       24,921  
Proceeds from the sale of fixed assets   5       -  
Capital expenditures   (2,246 )     (428 )
Net cash (used in)/provided by investing activities   (3,038 )     19,550  
Cash flows from financing activities      
Payment of dividends   (2,624 )     (2,624 )
Net cash used in financing activities   (2,624 )     (2,624 )
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   (8,951 )     20,766  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   214,972       114,627  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 206,021     $ 135,393  
Cash paid for interest $ -     $ -  
Cash paid for income taxes $ 3     $ -  
Noncash items incurred:      
Noncash capital expenditures $ 210     $ -  
Noncash operating leases $ 432     $ -  

FutureFuel Corp.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure to Financial Measure
(Dollars in thousands)
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,415     $ 37,597  
Depreciation   (2,725 )     (2,756 )
Non-cash stock-based compensation   -       (107 )
Interest and dividend income   2,362       1,992  
Non-cash interest expense (including amortization of deferred financing costs)   (43 )     (43 )
Losses on disposal of property and equipment   (3 )     (5 )
Losses on derivative instruments   (1,476 )     (162 )
Gains/(losses) on marketable securities   2,927       (4,369 )
Income tax expense   (958 )     3,679  
Net income $ 5,499     $ 35,826  

Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,415     $ 37,597  
Benefit for deferred income taxes   (415 )     (3,604 )
Interest and dividend income   2,362       1,992  
Income tax (expense)/benefit   (958 )     3,679  
Losses on derivative instruments   (1,476 )     (162 )
Change in fair value of derivative instruments   (286 )     (1,789 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net   (7,930 )     (33,873 )
Other   (1 )     -  
Net cash (used in)/provided by operating activities $ (3,289 )   $ 3,840  

FutureFuel Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Segment Income
(Dollars in thousands)
  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019       2018  
Custom chemicals $ 23,700     $ 23,420  
Performance chemicals   3,652       5,661  
Chemicals revenue $ 27,352     $ 29,081  
Biofuels revenue   21,149       26,666  
Total Revenue $ 48,501     $ 55,747  
Segment gross profit      
Chemicals $ 7,309     $ 7,556  
Biofuels   (4,047 )     29,951  
Total gross profit   3,262       37,507  
Corporate expenses   (2,051 )     (2,940 )
Income before interest and taxes   1,211       34,567  
Interest and other income   5,289       (2,377 )
Interest and other expense   (43 )     (43 )
(Provision)/benefit for income taxes   (958 )     3,679  
Net income $ 5,499     $ 35,826  

Depreciation is allocated to segment costs of goods sold based on plant usage. The total assets and capital expenditures of FutureFuel have not been allocated to individual segments as large portions of these assets are shared to varying degrees by each segment, causing such an allocation to be of little value.

FutureFuel Corp.
Tom McKinlay


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