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South and Central Asia: U.S.-India Development Cooperation

The United States-India development partnership, with its focus on harnessing science, technology, innovation, and partnership to identify, test, and scale solutions to global development challenges, is a model for the world.  The partnership has seen significant progress in recent years, including concrete advances toward two ambitious global health commitments—an end to preventable child and maternal deaths and an AIDS-free generation.  In agriculture, the U.S. has supported India’s leadership in bringing Indian innovations and expertise to African countries to strengthen food security.  The India-U.S. Millennium Alliance innovation partnership has supported dozens of Indian innovators to develop, test, and scale their innovative products and technologies.  The U.S. and Indian governments will continue to join efforts to address the world’s most intractable development challenges and emerging priorities.


  • Water and Sanitation:  Within India’s seven mega-million cities alone, 23 million people live in informal or slum settlements with inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services.  As a result, water-borne disease is a constant concern and a leading cause of sickness and mortality, particularly among children under five.  The scale of this challenge requires innovative approaches to urban development which draw upon the best Indian and U.S. expertise.  USAID announced a knowledge partnership with the Indian government and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support the new 500 Cities National Urban Development Mission and Clean India Campaign.  State-of-the-art research, targeted technical assistance, innovation, knowledge-sharing, and public-private partnerships to facilitate scale are central to this partnership, which includes a new $6 million Urban Water-Sanitation-Hygiene (WASH) Alliance to support public-private partnership models in urban areas.  
  • Triangular Partnership:  Triangular partnership has showcased Indian leadership and know-how, benefitting developing countries in areas such as health, food security and women’s empowerment.  The shared goals of the U.S. and India  for future triangular development cooperation as elaborated in the joint Statement of Guiding Principles include: (1) $1.5 million to extend small mechanization and capacity-building efforts to Indian and Nepali institutions, businesses, and universities; (2) an expanded $1.5 million project with the Self Employed Women’s Association to mobilize Indian expertise to empower and improve the livelihoods of 3,000 Afghan women across four Afghan provinces and Kabul; and, (3) concerted efforts to strengthen disaster management in South Asia, including through an upcoming study tour conducted by the ASEAN Coordinating Center on Humanitarian Assistance for Disaster Management.
  • U.S.-India Millennium Alliance: The USAID-supported Millennium Alliance is an innovation partnership that brings together public and private partners to leverage Indian creativity, expertise, and resources to source and scale innovative solutions to development challenges that affect the base of the pyramid populations across India and the world.  USAID also supports several other innovation platforms such as the READ Alliance, India-Africa Agriculture Bridge, CLEAN Off-Grid Alliance, Tuberculosis Alliance, and Reproductive Maternal/Newborn/Child Health (RMNCH) Alliance.  Innovation, science, and technology are central to other joint development cooperation efforts, including a new $6 million partnership to research climate resilient crops.
  • Financing Social DevelopmentThrough a proposed U.S.-India Diaspora Investment Facility, we could provide financing for significant social impact investments in India by offering new ways for the Indian diaspora community in the U.S. to invest and channel their funds to small and-medium-sized enterprises generating social impact in India.
  • WildlifeBiodiversity is the fabric of our lives and planet. Promoting stewardship of nature is a critical and effective strategy for fighting extreme poverty and fostering resilient societies.  With partners ranging from non-governmental organizations to the private sector the United States is conserving biodiversity and combatting wildlife trafficking along an entire spectrum of efforts. Whether it’s conserving wild lands, decreasing demand for wildlife products on the ground, or supporting research, the United States enables a holistic response to this complicated challenge at various levels.