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Slower credit and non-performing loans have banks setting modest targets in 2024

VIETNAM, February 20 -  

HÀ NỘI — Slower than expected credit growth and a large number of non-performing loans have resulted in conservative growth targets among commercial banks for 2024, said industry insiders and experts. 

In 2023, the country's largest commercial banks, including state-owned Agribank, Vietcombank, Vietinbank and BIDV, reported nearly US$25 billion in profit. Despite the positive figure, banks were reported to have scaled back on their growth targets this year, citing cautious approaches and higher loss provisions setup compared to previous years. 

Last year, VPBank and Techcombank dropped out of the top banks in terms of profit in USD, while state-owned banks dominated compared to the private group in profit rankings, thanks to a cautious trend in setting up credit loss provisions in previous years.

Vietcombank topped the chart with a consolidated pre-tax profit of over VNĐ41.2 trillion ($1.68 billion), a 10 per cent increase year-on-year, followed by BIDV with a consolidated pre-tax profit of VNĐ27.6 trillion, a 20 per cent increase year-on-year. 

However, industry insiders said the core operating income from credit for the two banks did not show substantial growth in the past year. For example, in 2023, Vietcombank's net interest income, the main source of income, only increased slightly by 0.7 per cent to VNĐ53.6 trillion despite the credit portfolio expanding 10.6 per cent compared to the end of 2022.

As a result, a reduction in risk provision costs has been a factor that helped Vietcombank's pre-tax profit continue to grow, despite a 2.2 per cent decrease in net profit from business operations in 2023 compared to 2022. At BIDV, besides reducing risk provision costs, non-credit sources such as services, foreign exchange business, and securities trading investment have been driving forces behind higher profits compared to the previous year.

Meanwhile, VietinBank has been less affected by credit issues. By the end of last year, the total outstanding loans reached over VNĐ1.5 quadrillion, a 15 per cent increase compared to the end of 2022. The bank said positive credit growth from the beginning of the year and sustained, steady growth in non-interest income helped the bank achieve a profit of VNĐ25 trillion, a 20 per cent increase year-on-year. Agribank also reported a profit of approximately VNĐ25 trillion, exceeding the yearly planned target by 5-6 per cent.

Among the private banks, MB has been the leader of the pack with a pre-tax profit of VNĐ26.3 trillion, a 16 per cent increase year-on-year with a credit growth rate of 28 per cent, significantly higher than the industry average. 

Other top performers included Techcombank and ACB despite minor setbacks that prevented them from reaching the $1 billion profit mark. For example, last year Techcombank reported a 10 per cent decrease in profits due to a reduction in credit income while having to increase provisions significantly. The bank ended 2023 with a profit of VNĐ22.9 trillion.

Meanwhile, ACB reported a profit of VNĐ20 trillion for the first time, thanks to reduced operational costs, growth in credit revenue and profit from securities trading investments.

Banks, however, remained cautious about growth targets as they entered 2024.

In the latest survey by the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV), banks said they expected a more favourable business situation for 2024. Pre-tax profits may recover more slowly than business conditions. 

As a result, Vietcombank aims for a profit of nearly $2 billion this year, a 10 per cent increase compared to 2023, with total assets by the end of the year expected to increase by more than 8 per cent, credit growth to be over 12 per cent, and bad debt below 1.5 per cent. 

BIDV has set out some key indicators, such as managing outstanding credit according to the credit limit assigned by the central bank, expecting a 14 per cent increase while leaving profit targets open. Vietinbank has set key business targets for this year, including total assets increasing by 5-10 per cent; credit growth of 14 per cent and reducing bad debt ratio to below 1.8 per cent.

Meanwhile, MB has set three objectives this year: achieving a profit target of VNĐ30 trillion, serving 30 million customers and securing a place in the country's top 3 banks in terms of service quality and efficiency. — VNS