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Alaska Asks Supreme Court to Review Secretary of the Interior's Authority to Override State Hunting Laws

October 27, 2022

(Anchorage, AK) – Today, the State of Alaska filed a petition (317KB PDF) asking the U.S. Supreme Court to review a Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals’s decision upholding a federal agency’s ability to overstep state laws setting the method and means of hunts on federal refuges.

In Safari Club International v. Haaland, “The Ninth Circuit brushed over the cooperative nature of ANILCA (Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act) and invited the federal management agencies to preempt state law at their will,” the brief states.

Beginning in 2015, the U.S. Department of Interior issued three regulations preventing brown bear baiting, overriding state-authorized hunting on park preserves and national wildlife refuges. Alaska and Safari Club International sued. After the lawsuit was filed, Congress invalidated the broadest regulation—the one banning brown bear baiting, among other methods of hunting, statewide in all national wildlife refuges in Alaska. Yet, despite Congress’s action, the federal agency continues to prohibit this method of hunting in the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge. This lawsuit is about Alaska’s traditional authority—granted to it at statehood—to manage the methods and means of hunting throughout Alaska.

The petition asserts that, through ANILCA, “Congress did not divest Alaska of its traditional authority. Congress preserved it.” But the Ninth Circuit ruling undermines ANILCA, giving the federal agencies broad authority to override state law and ignore the will of Alaskans. Alaska Governor Mike Dunleavy supports petitioning the Supreme Court. “Congress did not intend for federal agencies to have unlimited authority over how we access our wildlife,” said Governor Dunleavy. “We will continue to fight to ensure that Alaskans manage how we use our own resources.”

“Soon after statehood, Alaska implemented a comprehensive management program to ensure we could responsibly manage our resources based on sustained yield principles in a manner that incorporates public interests. Today, the federal government is trying to circumvent our hard-fought statehood rights to manage our resources and replace it with theirs, including a new claim that they have a property right to our fish and game resources. This is federal overreach, unchecked by the Ninth Circuit Court,” said Alaska Department of Fish and Game Commissioner Doug Vincent-Lang.

Along with violating ANILCA, the federal agency’s action ignores the promises made to the State at statehood. The Alaska Statehood Act transferred to the State the authority to manage the methods and means of hunting in addition to hunting seasons throughout Alaska, including on federal land.

“We have State biologists managing wildlife populations at all times,” said Alaska Attorney General Treg Taylor. “We manage our wildlife resources responsibly to guarantee future Alaskans can enjoy harvests as well. These Federal regulations wrongfully obstruct Alaska’s right to do so.”

CONTACT: Solicitor General Jessie Alloway at (907) 269-5100 or

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Department Media Contacts: Communications Director Patty Sullivan at or (907) 269-6368. Information Officer Sam Curtis at or (907) 269-6379.