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Huntington Ingalls Industries Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2016 Results

  • Revenues of $1.9 billion in the quarter; $7.1 billion in 2016
  • Operating margin of 13.9% in the quarter; 12.1% in 2016
  • Diluted earnings per share of $4.20 in the quarter; $12.14 in 2016
  • Cash from operations of $822 million and free cash flow1 of $537 million in 2016

/EIN News/ -- NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Feb. 16, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Huntington Ingalls Industries (NYSE:HII) reported fourth quarter 2016 revenues of $1.9 billion, up 0.9 percent from the fourth quarter of 2015. Operating income in the quarter was $268 million and operating margin was 13.9 percent, compared to $144 million and 7.6 percent, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2015. Diluted earnings per share in the quarter was $4.20, compared to $1.06 in the same period of 2015.

For the full year, revenues of $7.1 billion increased 0.7 percent over 2015. Operating income in 2016 was $858 million and operating margin was 12.1 percent, compared to $769 million and 11.0 percent, respectively, in 2015. Diluted earnings per share for the full year was $12.14, compared to $8.36 in 2015. Cash from operations in 2016 was $822 million and free cash flow1 was $537 million, compared to $861 million and $673 million, respectively, in 2015.

New contract awards for 2016 were approximately $5.2 billion, bringing total backlog to $21.0 billion as of Dec. 31, 2016. Major contract awards in 2016 included the detail design and construction contract for the amphibious transport dock Fort Lauderdale (LPD 28); a fixed-price incentive contract to build a ninth Legend-class National Security Cutter (unnamed); the planning, advanced engineering and procurement of long-lead material contract for the amphibious assault ship Bougainville (LHA 8); and the continued advance planning contract for the refueling and complex overhaul (“RCOH”) of the aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73).

“Huntington Ingalls Industries’ operational performance in 2016 was solid,” said Mike Petters, HII’s president and CEO. “Exceptional execution on mature programs at Ingalls lessened the impact of the ongoing transition between programs at Newport News and drove the strong financial results for the year.”

Petters continued, “Our 2016 performance, the acquisition of Camber Corporation and the formation of our Technical Solutions division established a great foundation to achieve our Path to 2020 strategic commitments.”

1Free cash flow is a non-GAAP measure. See exhibit B for definition and reconciliation.

Results of Operations          
           
  Three Months Ended     Year Ended  
  December 31     December 31  
(in millions, except per share amounts) 2016 2015 % Change   2016 2015 % Change
Sales and service revenues $ 1,922   $ 1,905   0.9%     $ 7,068   $ 7,020   0.7%    
Operating income 268   144   86.1%     858   769   11.6%    
  Operating margin % 13.9%   7.6%   638 bps     12.1%   11.0%   118 bps    
Segment operating income1 225   124   81.5%     715   667   7.2%    
  Segment operating margin %1 11.7%   6.5%   520 bps     10.1%   9.5%   61 bps    
Net earnings 197   50   294.0%     573   404   41.8%    
Diluted earnings per share $ 4.20   $ 1.06   296.2%     $ 12.14   $ 8.36   45.2%    
               
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding 46.9   47.3       47.2   48.3    
               
Adjusted sales and service revenues2 $ 1,922   $ 1,905   0.9%     $ 7,068   $ 7,033   0.5%    
Adjusted operating income2,3 268   187   43.3%     858   735   16.7%    
  Adjusted operating margin %2,3 13.9%   9.8%   413 bps     12.1%   10.5%   169 bps    
Adjusted segment operating income1,2,3 225   167   34.7%     715   633   13.0%    
  Adjusted segment operating margin %1,2,3 11.7%   8.8%   294 bps     10.1%   9.0%   112 bps    
Adjusted net earnings4 172   92   87.0%     479   354   35.3%    
Adjusted diluted earnings per share4 $ 3.67   $ 1.95   88.2%     $ 10.15   $ 7.33   38.5%    
1 Non-GAAP measures that exclude non-segment factors affecting operating income. See Exhibit B for definitions and reconciliations.
2 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of an insurance litigation settlement in the Ingalls segment in second quarter 2015. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.
3 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of goodwill impairment charges in second and fourth quarters of 2015 and the impact of an intangible asset impairment charge in the Technical Solutions segment in fourth quarter 2015. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.
4 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the after-tax impacts of: FAS/CAS Adjustment in 2016 and 2015, an insurance litigation settlement in the Ingalls segment in second quarter 2015, goodwill impairment charges in second and fourth quarters of 2015 in the Technical Solutions segment, an intangible asset impairment charge in the Technical Solutions segment in fourth quarter 2015 and a loss on the early extinguishment of debt in the third quarter of 2015. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.

Fourth Quarter 2016 Significant Event
On December 1, 2016, the Company closed on its previously announced acquisition of Camber Corporation and simultaneously formed a new reporting segment, Technical Solutions. Technical Solutions is comprised of AMSEC, Camber Corporation, Continental Maritime of San Diego, Newport News Industrial, SN3, Undersea Solutions Corporation and UniversalPegasus International.

The segment provides agile software development and network engineering, training systems, logistics support, information technology, fleet maintenance and modernization, unmanned undersea systems, nuclear engineering and fabrication, and oil and gas engineering to a wide variety of government and commercial customers worldwide.

Segment Operating Results

Ingalls Shipbuilding          
  Three Months Ended     Year Ended  
  December 31     December 31  
($ in millions) 2016 2015 % Change   2016 2015 % Change
Revenues $ 641   $ 580   10.5%     $ 2,389   $ 2,188   9.2%  
Segment operating income1 85   59   44.1%     321   379   (15.3)%  
Segment operating margin %1 13.3%   10.2%   309 bps     13.4%   17.3%   (390) bps  
Adjusted revenues2 641   580   10.5%     2,389   2,201   8.5%  
Adjusted segment operating income1,2 85   59   44.1%     321   243   32.1%  
Adjusted segment operating margin %1,2 13.3%   10.2%   309 bps     13.4%   11.0%   240 bps  
1 Non-GAAP measures that exclude non-segment factors affecting operating income. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.
2 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of an insurance litigation settlement in second quarter 2015. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.

Ingalls Shipbuilding revenues for the fourth quarter were $641 million, an increase of $61 million, or 10.5 percent, from the same period in 2015, due to higher revenues in surface combatants and the Legend-class National Security Cutter (“NSC”) program, partially offset by lower revenues in amphibious assault ships. Higher surface combatant revenues were primarily due to increased volumes on Lenah H. Sutcliffe Higbee (DDG 123) and Frank E. Petersen Jr. (DDG 121), partially offset by decreased volume on Delbert D. Black (DDG 119) and the delivery of John Finn (DDG 113) in the quarter. Higher NSC program revenues were primarily due to increased volume on Midgett (NSC 8), partially offset by the delivery of USCGC Munro (NSC 6) in the quarter. Lower amphibious assault ships revenues were due to the delivery of USS John P. Murtha (LPD 26) in the second quarter of 2016 and decreased volume on Portland (LPD 27), partially offset by increased volumes on Fort Lauderdale and Bougainville.

Ingalls Shipbuilding segment operating income for the fourth quarter was $85 million, an increase of $26 million from the same period last year. Segment operating margin in the quarter was 13.3 percent, compared to 10.2 percent in the same period last year. These increases were primarily due to higher risk retirement and improved performance on the LPD, DDG and NSC programs.

For the full year, Ingalls Shipbuilding revenues were $2.4 billion, an increase of $201 million, or 9.2 percent, from 2015, due to higher revenues in surface combatants and amphibious assault ships, partially offset by lower revenues on the NSC program. Higher surface combatants revenues were primarily due to increased volumes on Frank E. Petersen Jr., Lenah H. Sutcliffe Higbee, and planning yard services, partially offset by the delivery of John Finn. Higher amphibious assault ships revenues were primarily due to increased volumes on Fort Lauderdale, Tripoli (LHA 7) and Bougainville, partially offset by lower volume on Portland and the delivery of USS John P. Murtha. Lower NSC program revenues were due to the delivery of USCGC James (NSC 5) in 2015 and the delivery of Munro in 2016, partially offset by higher volume on Midgett.

For the full year, Ingalls Shipbuilding segment operating income was $321 million, compared to $379 million in 2015. Segment operating margin was 13.4 percent for 2016, compared to 17.3 percent in 2015. Segment operating income and margin in 2015 included a $136 million favorable impact from an insurance litigation settlement. Adjusting for the insurance litigation settlement, segment operating income in 2016 increased $78 million over 2015, and segment operating margin increased 240 basis points. These increases were primarily due to higher risk retirement on the LPD and DDG programs, partially offset by lower risk retirement on the America class (LHA 6) program.

Key Ingalls Shipbuilding milestones for the quarter:

  • Awarded a $1.15 billion fixed-priced incentive contract for the detail design and construction of Fort Lauderdale
  • Awarded a $486 million fixed-priced incentive contract for the construction of a ninth NSC
  • Delivered Munro to the U.S. Coast Guard
  • Delivered John Finn to the U.S. Navy
  • Launched Kimball (NSC 7)
  • Launched Paul Ignatius (DDG 117)
Newport News Shipbuilding          
  Three Months Ended     Year Ended  
  December 31     December 31  
($ in millions) 2016 2015 % Change   2016 2015 % Change
Revenues $ 1,119   $ 1,194   (6.3)%     $ 4,089   $ 4,298   (4.9)%  
Segment operating income1 139   116   19.8%     386   401   (3.7)%  
Segment operating margin %1 12.4%   9.7%   271 bps     9.4%   9.3%   11 bps  
1 Non-GAAP measures that exclude non-segment factors affecting operating income. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.

Newport News Shipbuilding revenues for the fourth quarter were $1.1 billion, a decrease of $75 million, or 6.3 percent, from the same period in 2015, due to lower revenues in aircraft carriers and submarines. Lower aircraft carriers revenues were primarily due to decreased volumes on the construction contract for Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) and the execution contract for the RCOH of USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72), partially offset by increased volumes on the advance planning contracts for the RCOH of USS George Washington and the construction preparation contract for Enterprise (CVN 80). Lower submarines revenues related to the Virginia class (SSN 774) submarine (“VCS”) program were due to decreased volumes on Block III boats, partially offset by increased volumes on Block IV boats.

Newport News Shipbuilding segment operating income for the fourth quarter was $139 million, an increase of $23 million from the same period last year. Segment operating margin was 12.4 percent for the quarter, compared to 9.7 percent in the same period last year. These increases were primarily due to favorable changes in overhead costs and the receipt of a $15 million local government incentive grant, partially offset by lower risk retirement on the VCS program.

For the full year, Newport News Shipbuilding revenues were $4.1 billion, a decrease of $209 million, or 4.9 percent, from 2015, due to lower revenues in aircraft carriers. Lower aircraft carrier revenues were primarily due to decreased volumes on the construction contract for Gerald R. Ford and the execution contract for the RCOH of USS Abraham Lincoln, partially offset by increased volumes on the construction contract for John F. Kennedy (CVN 79) and the advance planning contract for the RCOH of USS George Washington. Submarines revenues related to the VCS program were relatively flat in 2016 compared to 2015. Increased volumes on Block IV boats and USS John Warner (SSN 785) post-shakedown availability services were offset by decreased volumes on Block III boats.

For the full year, Newport News Shipbuilding segment operating income was $386 million, a decrease of $15 million from 2015. The decrease was primarily due to lower risk retirement on the VCS program, lower volume and lower risk retirement on the execution contract for the RCOH of USS Abraham Lincoln and lower volume on Gerald R. Ford, partially offset by higher volumes on John F. Kennedy (CVN 79) and the RCOH of USS George Washington (CVN 73), favorable changes in overhead costs, and the receipt of a $15 million local government incentive grant. Segment operating margin for 2016 was 9.4 percent, compared to 9.3 percent in 2015.

Technical Solutions          
  Three Months Ended     Year Ended  
  December 31     December 31  
($ in millions) 2016 2015 % Change   2016 2015 % Change
Revenues $ 186   $ 154   20.8%     $ 691   $ 616   12.2%  
Segment operating income (loss)1 1   (51)   102.0%     8   (113)   107.1%  
Segment operating margin %1 0.5%   (33.1)%   NM3     1.2%   (18.3)%   NM3  
Adjusted segment operating income (loss)1,2 1   (8)   112.5%     8   (11)   172.7%  
Adjusted segment operating margin %1,2 0.5%   (5.2)%   573 bps     1.2%   (1.8)%   294 bps  
1 Non-GAAP measures that exclude non-segment factors affecting operating income. See Exhibit B for reconciliations.
2 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of goodwill impairment charges in second and fourth quarters of 2015 and an intangible asset impairment charge in fourth quarter 2015. See Exhibit B for reconciliation.
3 NM means the % change is “not meaningful”.

Technical Solutions revenues for the fourth quarter were $186 million, an increase of $32 million, or 20.8 percent, from the same period in 2015, primarily due to the acquisition of Camber and higher revenues in oil and gas and nuclear and environmental services, partially offset by lower revenues in fleet support. Higher oil and gas revenues were primarily due to increased volume in field services, partially offset by decreased volume in engineering services. Higher nuclear and environmental revenues were primarily due to increased volumes in commercial fabrication services, partially offset by decreased volumes in environmental remediation programs.

Technical Solutions segment operating income for the fourth quarter was $1 million, compared to segment operating loss of $51 million in fourth quarter 2015. Segment operating loss in the fourth quarter of 2015 included a $27 million intangible asset impairment charge and a $16 million goodwill impairment charge. Adjusting for these items, segment operating income in the fourth quarter of 2016 increased $9 million from the same period in 2015. The increase was primarily due to improved performance in oil and gas and fleet support.

For the full year, Technical Solutions revenues were $691 million, an increase of $75 million, or 12.2 percent, from 2015, primarily due to increased volumes in nuclear and environmental and fleet support as well as the acquisition of Camber, partially offset by lower volume in oil and gas.

For the full year, Technical Solutions segment operating income was $8 million, compared to a segment operating loss of $113 million in 2015. Segment operating loss in 2015 included $75 million of goodwill impairment charges and a $27 million intangible asset impairment charge. Adjusting for these items, segment operating income in 2016 increased $19 million over 2015. The increase was primarily due to improved performance in oil and gas, fleet support and nuclear and environmental.

About Huntington Ingalls Industries

Huntington Ingalls Industries is America’s largest military shipbuilding company and a provider of professional services to partners in government and industry. For more than a century, HII’s Newport News and Ingalls shipbuilding divisions in Virginia and Mississippi have built more ships in more ship classes than any other U.S. naval shipbuilder. HII’s Technical Solutions division provides a wide range of professional services through its Fleet Support, Integrated Missions Solutions, Nuclear and Environmental, and Oil and Gas operations. Headquartered in Newport News, Virginia, HII employs nearly 37,000 people operating both domestically and internationally. For more information, please visit www.huntingtoningalls.com.

Conference Call Information

Huntington Ingalls Industries will webcast its earnings conference call at 9 a.m. ET today. A live audio broadcast of the conference call and supplemental presentation will be available on the investor relations page of the company’s website: www.huntingtoningalls.com. A telephone replay of the conference call will be available from 12 noon today through Thursday, Feb. 23 by calling toll-free (855) 859-2056 or (404) 537-3406 and using conference ID 53546409.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this release, other than statements of historical fact, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these statements. Factors that may cause such differences include: changes in government and customer priorities and requirements (including government budgetary constraints, shifts in defense spending, and changes in customer short-range and long-range plans); our ability to estimate our future contract costs and perform our contracts effectively; changes in procurement processes and government regulations and our ability to comply with such requirements; our ability to deliver our products and services at an affordable life cycle cost and compete within our markets; natural and environmental disasters and political instability; adverse economic conditions in the United States and globally; changes in key estimates and assumptions regarding our pension and retiree health care costs; security threats, including cyber security threats, and related disruptions; and other risk factors discussed in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. There may be other risks and uncertainties that we are unable to predict at this time or that we currently do not expect to have a material adverse effect on our business, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements that we may make. This release also contains non-GAAP financial measures and includes a GAAP reconciliation of these financial measures. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be construed as being more important than comparable GAAP measures.

Exhibit A: Financial Statements

HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
     
    Year Ended December 31
(in millions, except per share amounts)   2016   2015   2014
Sales and service revenues            
Product sales   $ 5,631     $ 5,665     $ 5,712  
Service revenues   1,437     1,355     1,245  
Sales and service revenues   7,068     7,020     6,957  
Cost of sales and service revenues            
Cost of product sales   4,380     4,319     4,489  
Cost of service revenues   1,228     1,198     1,051  
Income (loss) from operating investments, net   6     10     11  
Other income and gains   15          
General and administrative expenses   623     669     726  
Goodwill impairment       75     47  
Operating income (loss)   858     769     655  
Other income (expense)            
Interest expense   (74 )   (137 )   (149 )
Other, net           1  
Earnings (loss) before income taxes   784     632     507  
Federal and foreign income taxes   211     228     169  
Net earnings (loss)   $ 573     $ 404     $ 338  
             
Basic earnings (loss) per share   $ 12.24     $ 8.43     $ 6.93  
Weighted-average common shares outstanding   46.8     47.9     48.8  
             
Diluted earnings (loss) per share   $ 12.14     $ 8.36     $ 6.86  
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding   47.2     48.3     49.3  
             
Net earnings (loss) from above   $ 573     $ 404     $ 338  
Other comprehensive income (loss)            
Change in unamortized benefit plan costs   (172 )   34     (558 )
Other   (1 )   (5 )    
Tax benefit (expense) for items of other comprehensive income   67     (12 )   217  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax   (106 )   17     (341 )
Comprehensive income (loss)   $ 467     $ 421     $ (3 )
                         


HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
     
    December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015
Assets        
Current Assets        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 720     $ 894  
Accounts receivable, net   1,164     1,074  
Inventoried costs, net   210     285  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   48     31  
Total current assets   2,142     2,284  
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,627 million as of 2016 and $1,489 million as of 2015   1,986     1,827  
Other Assets        
Goodwill   1,234     956  
Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $488 million as of 2016 and $465 million as of 2015   548     495  
Long-term deferred tax assets   314     336  
Miscellaneous other assets   128     126  
Total other assets   2,224     1,913  
Total assets   $ 6,352     $ 6,024  
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity        
Current Liabilities        
Trade accounts payable   $ 316     $ 317  
Accrued employees’ compensation   241     215  
Current portion of postretirement plan liabilities   147     143  
Current portion of workers’ compensation liabilities   217     227  
Advance payments and billings in excess of revenues   166     125  
Other current liabilities   256     247  
Total current liabilities   1,343     1,274  
Long-term debt   1,278     1,273  
Pension plan liabilities   1,116     1,001  
Other postretirement plan liabilities   431     423  
Workers’ compensation liabilities   441     460  
Other long-term liabilities   90     103  
Total liabilities   4,699     4,534  
Commitments and Contingencies        
Stockholders’ Equity        
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 150 million shares authorized; 52.6 million shares issued and 46.2 million shares outstanding as of December 31, 2016, and 52.0 million shares issued and 46.9 million shares outstanding as of December 31, 2015   1     1  
Additional paid-in capital   1,964     1,978  
Retained earnings (deficit)   1,323     848  
Treasury stock   (684 )   (492 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   (951 )   (845 )
Total stockholders’ equity   1,653     1,490  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 6,352     $ 6,024  
                 


HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
     
    Year Ended December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015   2014
Operating Activities            
Net earnings (loss)   $ 573     $ 404     $ 338  
Adjustments to reconcile to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities            
Depreciation   163     154     166  
Amortization of purchased intangibles   23     26     28  
Amortization of debt issuance costs   5     8     11  
Stock-based compensation   36     43     34  
Deferred income taxes   85     (15 )   (22 )
Proceeds from insurance settlement related to investing activities       (21 )    
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets       102     47  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt       44     37  
Change in            
Accounts receivable   (22 )   (41 )   140  
Inventoried costs   75     54     53  
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (17 )   (31 )   7  
Accounts payable and accruals   (41 )   97     (86 )
Retiree benefits   (44 )   32     (4 )
Other non-cash transactions, net   (14 )   5     6  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   822     861     755  
Investing Activities            
Additions to property, plant, and equipment   (285 )   (188 )   (165 )
Proceeds from disposition of assets   4     32      
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash received   (372 )   (6 )   (272 )
Proceeds from insurance settlement related to investing activities       21      
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (653 )   (141 )   (437 )
Financing Activities            
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt       600     600  
Repayment of long-term debt       (995 )   (679 )
Debt issuance costs       (21 )   (12 )
Tender premiums and fees related to early extinguishment of debt       (33 )   (31 )
Dividends paid   (98 )   (81 )   (49 )
Repurchases of common stock   (194 )   (232 )   (138 )
Employee taxes on certain share-based payment arrangements   (51 )   (54 )   (64 )
Proceeds from stock option exercises           2  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (343 )   (816 )   (371 )
Change in cash and cash equivalents   (174 )   (96 )   (53 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   894     990     1,043  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 720     $ 894     $ 990  
Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosure            
Cash paid for income taxes   $ 229     $ 242     $ 161  
Cash paid for interest   $ 71     $ 96     $ 113  
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities            
Capital expenditures accrued in accounts payable   $ 24     $ 17     $ 9  
Capital assets received from government grants   $ 30     $     $  
                         

Exhibit B: Non-GAAP Measures Definitions & Reconciliations

We make reference to “segment operating income (loss),” “segment operating margin,” “adjusted sales and service revenues,” “adjusted segment operating income (loss),” “adjusted segment operating margin,” “adjusted operating income,” “adjusted operating margin,” “adjusted net earnings,” “adjusted diluted earnings per share,” and “free cash flow.”

We internally manage our operations by reference to “segment operating income (loss)” and “segment operating margin,” which are not recognized measures under GAAP. When analyzing our operating performance, investors should use segment operating income (loss) and segment operating margin in addition to, and not as alternatives for, operating income and operating margin or any other performance measure presented in accordance with GAAP. They are measures that we use to evaluate our core operating performance. We believe that segment operating income (loss) and segment operating margin reflect an additional way of viewing aspects of our operations that, when viewed with our GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business. We believe these measures are used by investors and are a useful indicator to measure our performance. Because not all companies use identical calculations, our presentation of segment operating income (loss) and segment operating margin may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Adjusted sales and service revenues, adjusted operating income, adjusted operating margin, adjusted segment operating income (loss), adjusted segment operating margin, adjusted net earnings and adjusted diluted earnings per share are not measures recognized under GAAP. They should be considered supplemental to and not a substitute for financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. We believe these measures are useful to investors because they exclude items that do not reflect our core operating performance. They may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Free cash flow is not a measure recognized under GAAP. Free cash flow has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. We believe free cash flow is an important measure for our investors because it provides them insight into our current and period-to-period performance and our ability to generate cash from continuing operations. We also use free cash flow as a key operating metric in assessing the performance of our business and as a key performance measure in evaluating management performance and determining incentive compensation. Free cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Segment operating income (loss) is defined as operating income (loss) for the relevant segment(s) before the FAS/CAS Adjustment and non-current state income taxes.

Segment operating margin is defined as segment operating income (loss) as a percentage of sales and service revenues.

Adjusted sales and service revenues is defined as sales and service revenues adjusted for the impact of the insurance litigation settlement in the Ingalls segment in second quarter 2015.

Adjusted segment operating income (loss) is defined as segment operating income (loss) adjusted for the impacts, as applicable to the relevant segment, of: the insurance litigation settlement in the Ingalls segment in second quarter 2015, the goodwill impairment charges in the Technical Solutions segment in the second and fourth quarters of 2015 and the intangible asset impairment charge in the Technical Solutions segment in fourth quarter 2015.

Adjusted segment operating margin is defined as adjusted segment operating income (loss) as applicable to each segment, as a percentage of adjusted sales and service revenues as applicable to each segment.

Adjusted operating income is defined as operating income adjusted for the impacts of: the insurance litigation settlement in second quarter 2015, the goodwill impairment charges in the second and fourth quarters of 2015 and the intangible asset impairment charge in fourth quarter 2015.

Adjusted operating margin is defined as adjusted operating income as a percentage of adjusted sales and service revenues.

Adjusted net earnings is defined as net earnings adjusted for the after-tax impacts of: the insurance litigation settlement in the second quarter 2015, the goodwill impairment charges in the second and fourth quarters of 2015, the intangible asset impairment charge in fourth quarter 2015, the loss on early extinguishment of debt in third quarter 2015 and the FAS/CAS Adjustment.

Adjusted diluted earnings per share is defined as adjusted net earnings divided by the weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding.

Free cash flow is defined as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures.

FAS/CAS Adjustment is defined as the difference between our pension and postretirement plan expense under GAAP Financial Accounting Standards and the same expense under U.S. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS). Our pension and postretirement plan expense is charged to our contracts under CAS.

Non-current state income taxes are defined as deferred state income taxes, which reflect the change in deferred state tax assets and liabilities, and the tax expense or benefit associated with changes in state uncertain tax positions in the relevant period. These amounts are recorded within operating income. Current period state income tax expense is charged to contract costs and included in cost of sales and service revenues in segment operating income.

We present financial measures adjusted for the FAS/CAS Adjustment and non-current state income tax to reflect the company’s performance based upon the pension costs and state tax expense charged to our contracts under CAS. We use these adjusted measures as internal measures of operating performance and for performance-based compensation decisions.

Reconciliation of Segment Operating Income (Loss) and Segment Operating Margin
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015   2016   2015
Ingalls revenues   $ 641     $ 580     $ 2,389     $ 2,188  
Newport News revenues   1,119     1,194     4,089     4,298  
Technical Solutions revenues   186     154     691     616  
Intersegment eliminations   (24 )   (23 )   (101 )   (82 )
Sales and Service Revenues   1,922     1,905     7,068     7,020  
Segment Operating Income (Loss)                
Ingalls   85     59     321     379  
  As a percentage of Ingalls revenues   13.3 %   10.2 %   13.4 %   17.3 %
Newport News   139     116     386     401  
  As a percentage of Newport News revenues   12.4 %   9.7 %   9.4 %   9.3 %
Technical Solutions   1     (51 )   8     (113 )
  As a percentage of Technical Solutions revenues   0.5 %   (33.1 )%   1.2 %   (18.3 )%
Segment Operating Income   225     124     715     667  
As a percentage of sales and service revenues   11.7 %   6.5 %   10.1 %   9.5 %
Non-segment factors affecting operating income:                
FAS/CAS Adjustment   38     22     145     104  
Non-current state income taxes   5     (2 )   (2 )   (2 )
Operating Income   268     144     858     769  
Interest expense   (18 )   (64 )   (74 )   (137 )
Other, net   1              
Federal and foreign income taxes   (54 )   (30 )   (211 )   (228 )
Net Earnings   $ 197     $ 50     $ 573     $ 404  
                                 


Reconciliation of Adjusted Sales and Service Revenues, Adjusted Segment Operating Income, Adjusted Segment Operating Margin, Adjusted Operating Income and Adjusted Operating Margin
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015   2016   2015
Ingalls revenues   $ 641     $ 580     $ 2,389     $ 2,188  
Adjustment for insurance litigation settlement               13  
Adjusted Ingalls revenues   641     580     2,389     2,201  
Newport News revenues   1,119     1,194     4,089     4,298  
Technical Solutions revenues   186     154     691     616  
Intersegment eliminations   (24 )   (23 )   (101 )   (82 )
Adjusted Sales and Service Revenues   $ 1,922     $ 1,905     $ 7,068     $ 7,033  
                 
                 
Operating income   $ 268     $ 144     $ 858     $ 769  
As a percentage of sales and service revenues   13.9 %   7.6 %   12.1 %   11.0 %
Non-segment factors affecting operating income:                
FAS/CAS Adjustment   (38 )   (22 )   (145 )   (104 )
Non-current state income taxes   (5 )   2     2     2  
Unadjusted Segment Operating Income   $ 225     $ 124     $ 715     $ 667  
As a percentage of sales and service revenues   11.7 %   6.5 %   10.1 %   9.5 %
                 
Adjustments affecting segment operating income (loss):                
Ingalls segment operating income   $ 85     $ 59     $ 321     $ 379  
Adjustment for insurance litigation settlement               (136 )
Adjusted Ingalls segment operating income   85     59     321     243  
As a percentage of Ingalls adjusted revenues   13.3 %   10.2 %   13.4 %   11.0 %
Newport News segment operating income   139     116     386     401  
As a percentage of Newport News revenues   12.4 %   9.7 %   9.4 %   9.3 %
Technical Solutions segment operating (loss)
  1     (51 )   8     (113 )
Adjustment for impairments of goodwill       16         75  
Adjustment for impairment of intangible assets       27         27  
Adjusted Technical Solutions segment operating (loss)   1     (8 )   8     (11 )
As a percentage of Technical Solutions revenues   0.5 %   (5.2 )%   1.2 %   (1.8 )%
Adjusted Segment Operating Income   $ 225     $ 167     $ 715     $ 633  
As a percentage of adjusted sales and service revenues   11.7 %   8.8 %   10.1 %   9.0 %
                 
                 
Operating income   $ 268     $ 144     $ 858     $ 769  
As a percentage of sales and service revenues   13.9 %   7.6 %   12.1 %   11.0 %
Adjustment for insurance litigation settlement               (136 )
Adjustment for impairments of goodwill       16         75  
Adjustment for impairment of intangible assets       27         27  
Adjusted Operating Income   $ 268     $ 187     $ 858     $ 735  
As a percentage of adjusted sales and service revenues   13.9 %   9.8 %   12.1 %   10.5 %
                         


Reconciliation of Adjusted Net Earnings
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015   2016   2015
Net Earnings   $ 197     $ 50     $ 573     $ 404  
After-tax adjustment for insurance litigation settlement (1)               (88 )
After-tax adjustment for impairments of goodwill (2)       12         59  
After-tax adjustment for impairment of intangible assets (3)       18         18  
After-tax adjustment for loss on early extinguishment of debt (4)       26         29  
After-tax adjustment for FAS/CAS Adjustment (5)   (25 )   (14 )   (94 )   (68 )
Adjusted Net Earnings   $ 172     $ 92     $ 479     $ 354  
                                 


Reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share        
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
    2016   2015   2016   2015
Diluted earnings per share   $ 4.20     $ 1.06     $ 12.14     $ 8.36  
After-tax insurance litigation settlement per share (1)               (1.82 )
After-tax impairments of goodwill per share (2)       0.25         1.22  
After-tax impairment of intangible assets per share (3)       0.38         0.37  
After-tax loss on early extinguishment of debt per share (4)       0.55         0.60  
After-tax FAS/CAS Adjustment per share (5)   (0.53 )   (0.29 )   (1.99 )   (1.40 )
Adjusted Diluted EPS   $ 3.67     $ 1.95     $ 10.15     $ 7.33  


Footnotes to the Reconciliation of Adjusted Net Earnings and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
    2016   2015   2016   2015
(1) Insurance litigation settlement               (136 )
Tax effect at 35% statutory rate*               48  
After-tax effect               (88 )
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding   46.9     47.3     47.2     48.3  
Per share impact**               (1.82 )
                 
(2) Impairments of goodwill       16         75  
Discrete federal tax impact*       (4 )       (16 )
After-tax effect       12         59  
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding   46.9     47.3     47.2     48.3  
Per share impact**       0.25         1.22  
                 
(3) Impairment of intangible assets       27         27  
Discrete federal tax impact*       (9 )       (9 )
After-tax effect       18         18  
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding   46.9     47.3     47.2     48.3  
Per share impact**       0.38         0.37  
                 
(4) Loss on early extinguishment of debt       40         44  
Tax effect at 35% statutory rate*       (14 )       (15 )
After-tax effect       26         29  
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding   46.9     47.3     47.2     48.3  
Per share impact**       0.55         0.60  
                 
(5) FAS/CAS Adjustment   (38 )   (22 )   (145 )   (104 )
Tax effect at 35% statutory rate*   13     8     51     36  
After-tax effect   (25 )   (14 )   (94 )   (68 )
Weighted-Average Diluted Shares Outstanding   46.9     47.3     47.2     48.3  
Per share impact**   (0.53 )   (0.29 )   (1.99 )   (1.40 )
*The income tax impact is calculated using the tax rate in effect for the relevant non-GAAP adjustment.
**Amounts may not recalculate exactly due to rounding.


Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow
         
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended
    December 31   December 31
($ in millions)   2016   2015   2016   2015
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   345     433     822     861  
Less:                
Capital expenditures   (140 )   (102 )   (285 )   (188 )
Free cash flow   205     331     537     673  
                         
Contacts:

Jerri Fuller Dickseski (Media)
jerri.dickseski@hii-co.com
757-380-2341

Dwayne Blake (Investors)
dwayne.blake@hii-co.com
757-380-2104

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